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  • Author: kuncoro
  • Date Posted: Sep 8, 2015
  • Category:
  • Address: India

Dravidian Languages

Tamil

குட்டி இளவரசன் (Kutti Ilavarasan) — in Tamil, a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka. Tamil is an official language of two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore and official language of the Indian state Tamil Nadu. Tamil is also spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.


Malayalam

കൊച്ചുരാജകുമാരന് (Kochu Rajakumaran) — in Malayalam (മലയാളം), a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian state of Kerala and the union territories of Lakshadweep and Puducherry (Mahé) by the Malayali people, and it is one of 22 scheduled languages of India. Malayalam is spoken by 38 million people worldwide. Malayalam is also spoken by linguistic minorities in the neighbouring states; with significant number of speakers in the Nilgiris, Kanyakumari, and Coimbatore districts of Tamil Nadu, and Kodagu and Dakshina Kannada districts of Karnataka.

എന്റെ കൊച്ചുരാജകുമാരന് (Ente Kochu Rajakumaran)

എന്റെ കൊച്ചുരാജകുമാരന് (Ente Kochu Rajakumaran)


Kannada

ಪುಟ್ಟ ರಾಜಕುಮಾರ (Putta Rajakumara) — in Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ), is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Kannada people in India, mainly in the state of Karnataka, and by significant linguistic minorities in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Kerala and abroad. The language has roughly 43.7 million native speakers, who are called Kannadigas (Kannadigaru). The Kannada language is written using the Kannada script, which evolved from the 5th-century Kadamba script.


Telugu

చిట్టి రాజా (Chitti Rājā) — in Telugu (తెలుగు), a Dravidian language spoken in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and the union territories of Puducherry (Yanam) by the Telugu people. Telugu ranks fourth among the languages with the highest number of native speakers in India, with 6.93 percent at the 2011 census. It is the most widely spoken member of the Dravidian language family. It is one of the twenty-two scheduled languages of the Republic of India. Roughly 10,000 pre-colonial inscriptions exist in the Telugu language.

 


Indo-Aryan Languages

Sanskrit

कनीयान् राजकुमारः (Kanīyān Rājakumāraḥ) — in Sanskrit. Sanskrit is a language of ancient India with a history going back about 3500 years (?). It is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism and the predominant language of most works of Hindu philosophy as well as some of the principal texts of Buddhism and Jainism. Sanskrit, in its variants and numerous dialects, was the lingua franca of ancient and medieval India.


Marathi

Chota Rajkumar — in Marathi, an Indo-Aryan language spoken predominantly by around 83 million Marathi people of Maharashtra, India. It is the official language and co-official language in the Maharashtra and Goa states of Western India, respectively, and is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Marathi distinguishes inclusive and exclusive forms of ‘we’ and possesses a three-way gender system that features the neuter in addition to the masculine and the feminine.


Asamiya

এখুদ ৰাজকুমাৰ (Ekhud Rajkumar) — in Assamese / Asamiya, an Eastern Indo-Aryan language spoken mainly in the Indian state of Assam, where it is an official language. It is the easternmost Indo-European language, spoken by over 15 million speakers, and serves as a lingua franca in the region.


Odiya

ରାଜକୁମାର (Rajkumar) — in Odiya or Oriya, a classical Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the official language in Odisha (Orissa) where native speakers make up 82% of the population.


Punjabi

Nikka Shahzada — in Punjabi. Punjabi / ਪੰਜਾਬੀ / پنجابی is an Indo-Aryan language with more than 100 million native speakers. It is the native language of the Punjabi people, an ethnic group of the cultural region of Punjab region of the Indian subcontinent, which extends from northwest India through eastern Pakistan. Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, the 11th most widely spoken language in India, and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian Subcontinent.

Punjabi is unusual among Indo-European languages in its use of lexical tone. The Punjabi language is written in one of two alphabets: Shahmukhi or Gurmukhi. In the Punjab, both writing systems are used (a rare occurrence called synchronic digraphia): Shahmukhi is used mainly by Punjabi Muslims, and Gurmukhi is used mainly by Punjabi Sikhs and Hindus.

Nikka Shahzada — in Punjabi

ਬਾਲ ਰਾਜ ਕੁਮਾਰ (Bal Rajkumar) — in Punjabi.


Rajashtani

नैनो राजकंवर (Naino Rajkanwar) — in Rajasthani (राजस्थानी),  a group of Indo-Aryan languages spoken primarily in the state of Rajasthan and adjacent areas of Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh in India. There are also Rajasthani-speakers in the Pakistani provinces of Sindh and Punjab. The Rajasthani language is distinct from neighbouring related Hindi languages, however, it is officially considered to be a dialect of Hindi.


Hindi

छोटा राजकुमार (Chotta Rajkumar) — in Hindi language. Hindi / हिन्दी is a standardised and sanskritised register of the Hindustani language. Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, is one of the official languages of India, along with the English language. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of the Republic of India. However, it is not the national language of India because no language was given such a status in the Indian constitution.