D’r Klein Prinz, in Alsatian.

The Alsatian language, also known as Alsatian German or Elsässisch in Alsatian, is a West Central German dialect belonging to the Alemannic branch of the Germanic language family. It is primarily spoken in Alsace, a region in northeastern France. Alsatian is closely related to other Alemannic dialects spoken in parts of Switzerland and southwestern Germany. Despite its Germanic roots, Alsatian has been significantly influenced by French due to Alsace’s history and its location on the border between France and Germany. This unique position has endowed Alsatian with distinct characteristics that differentiate it from both Standard German and French.

Alsatian, like German, uses grammatical cases (nominative, accusative, dative, and genitive) but with some simplifications. The use of cases in Alsatian is not as complex as in Standard German. Alsatian also retains the three genders of nouns (masculine, feminine, and neuter). Verbs in Alsatian are conjugated similarly to German, with variations for tense, mood, and aspect. However, some verb forms and uses are specific to Alsatian, influenced by both its Alemannic roots and contact with French.

Alsatian has a rich vocabulary that includes words not found in Standard German, some of which are borrowings from French or are unique to the region. These reflect the cultural and historical experiences of Alsace. Alsatian is an integral part of Alsace’s cultural heritage, embodying the region’s complex history and its blend of Germanic and French influences.